GnuPG-2.1.23

GnuPG の概要

The GnuPG package is GNU's tool for secure communication and data storage. It can be used to encrypt data and to create digital signatures. It includes an advanced key management facility and is compliant with the proposed OpenPGP Internet standard as described in RFC2440 and the S/MIME standard as described by several RFCs. GnuPG 2 is the stable version of GnuPG integrating support for OpenPGP and S/MIME.

本パッケージは LFS-8.0 において正しくビルドでき動作することが確認されています。

パッケージ情報

GnuPG 2 の依存パッケージ

必須

Libassuan-2.4.3, libgcrypt-1.8.0, libgpg-error-1.27, Libksba-1.3.5, npth-1.5

推奨

任意

cURL-7.55.1, GnuTLS-3.5.14, ImageMagick-7.0.4-8 (for the convert utility, used for generating the documentation), libusb-compat-0.1.5, an MTA, OpenLDAP-2.4.45, SQLite-3.20.0, texlive-20170524 (or install-tl-unx), fig2dev (for generating documentation), and GNU adns

ユーザー情報: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/gnupg2

GnuPG のインストール

[警告]

警告

If you are upgrading from gnupg prior to version 2.1, upstream developers recommend to backup ~/.gnupg, because some additional configuration will probably be necessary, and you could lose your keys. You can find instructions at http://jo-ke.name/wp/?p=111 and https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/GnuPG#.22Lost.22_keys.2C_upgrading_to_gnupg_version_2.1.

If the top directory path where the source is unpacked contains symbolic links, the openpgp tests may fail. If this is your case and you wish to run the test suite, fix that with:

sed -e '/noinst_SCRIPTS = gpg-zip/c sbin_SCRIPTS += gpg-zip' \
    -i tools/Makefile.in

以下のコマンドを実行して GnuPG 2 をビルドします。

./configure --prefix=/usr            \
            --enable-symcryptrun     \
            --enable-maintainer-mode \
            --docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23 &&
make &&

makeinfo --html --no-split \
         -o doc/gnupg_nochunks.html doc/gnupg.texi &&
makeinfo --plaintext       \
         -o doc/gnupg.txt           doc/gnupg.texi

texlive-20170524 をインストールしていて、種々のフォーマットのドキュメントを生成したい場合は、以下のコマンドを実行します。

make -C doc pdf ps html

ビルド結果をテストする場合は make check を実行します。

Note that if you have already installed GnuPG, the instructions below will overwrite /usr/share/man/man1/gpg-zip.1. Now, as the root user:

make install &&

install -v -m755 -d /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23/html            &&
install -v -m644    doc/gnupg_nochunks.html \
                    /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23/html/gnupg.html &&
install -v -m644    doc/*.texi doc/gnupg.txt \
                    /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23

種々のフォーマットのドキュメントを生成した場合は root ユーザーになり以下のコマンドを実行します。

install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.html/* \
                 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23/html &&
install -v -m644 doc/gnupg.{pdf,dvi,ps} \
                 /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23

コマンド説明

sed ... tools/Makefile.in: This command is needed to build the gpg-zip program.

--docdir=/usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23: This switch changes the default docdir to /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23.

--enable-symcryptrun: This switch enables building the symcryptrun program.

--enable-maintainer-mode: This switch is needed for proper completion of the tests.

--enable-g13: This switch enables building the g13 program.

パッケージ構成

インストールプログラム: addgnupghome, applygnupgdefaults, dirmngr, dirmngr-client, g13, gpg-agent, gpg-connect-agent, gpg, gpgconf, gpgparsemail, gpgscm, gpgsm, gpgtar, gpgv, igpg-zip, kbxutil, symcryptrun, watchgnupg
インストールライブラリ: なし
インストールディレクトリ: /usr/share/doc/gnupg-2.1.23, /usr/share/gnupg

Short Descriptions

addgnupghome

is used to create and populate user's ~/.gnupg directories

applygnupgdefaults

is a wrapper script used to run gpgconf with the --apply-defaults parameter on all user's GnuPG home directories.

dirmngr

is a tool that takes care of accessing the OpenPGP keyservers.

dirmngr-client

is a tool to contact a running dirmngr and test whether a certificate has been revoked.

g13

is a tool to create, mount or unmount an encrypted file system container (optional).

gpg-agent

is a daemon used to manage secret (private) keys independently from any protocol. It is used as a backend for gpg2 and gpgsm as well as for a couple of other utilities.

gpg-connect-agent

is a utility used to communicate with a running gpg-agent.

gpg

is the OpenPGP part of the GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG). It is a tool used to provide digital encryption and signing services using the OpenPGP standard.

gpgconf

is a utility used to automatically and reasonably safely query and modify configuration files in the ~/.gnupg home directory. It is designed not to be invoked manually by the user, but automatically by graphical user interfaces.

gpgparsemail

is a utility currently only useful for debugging. Run it with --help for usage information.

gpgscm

executes the given scheme program or spawns an interactive shell.

gpgsm

is a tool similar to gpg2 used to provide digital encryption and signing services on X.509 certificates and the CMS protocol. It is mainly used as a backend for S/MIME mail processing.

gpgtar

is a tool to encrypt or sign files into an archive.

gpgv

is a verify only version of gpg2.

gpg-zip

encrypts or signs files into an archive.

kbxutil

is used to list, export and import Keybox data.

symcryptrun

is a simple symmetric encryption tool.

watchgnupg

is used to listen to a Unix Domain socket created by any of the GnuPG tools.

最終更新日: 2017-08-17 05:38:22 +0900